This is an “applied form of research that involved finding out how well a programme, practice, procedure or policy is working” (Polit & Hungler 1999:201).The aim of this type of research is to assess/evaluate the success of a particular practice or policy, etc.
Examples of this type of research can be seen in various types of analysis/evaluation, including:
process/implementation analysis (the analysis of process and the implementation of treatments/nursing cares, etc. - similar to audits)
outcome analysis (the analysis of the outcome of changes in processes, treatments, etc. - again, similar to audits)
impact analysis (the analysis of the impact that, for example, a new treatment will have on the patients)
cost-benefit analysis (the analysis of the cost to benefit ratio of , again for example, the introduction of a new drug)
As with the survey research methods, this type of research may best be carried out as a qualitative piece or research, depending upon the original research question.
Reference: Polit DF, Hungler BP (1999) Nursing Research: Principles and Methods (6th. Ed.) Philadelphia, Lippincott
quantitative research design research design